Women Doctors and their Careers in a Large University Hospital in Spain at the Beginning of the 21st Century

The aim of this article was to compare the advance of women with that of men and determine the differences between hierarchical status and professional recognition achieved by women in medicine. Methods A retrospective study was carried out in the Hospital Clinic Barcelona, Spain, of the period from 1996 to 2008. [from abstract]

The Consequences of Burnout Syndrome among Healthcare Professionals in Spain and Spanish Speaking Latin American Countries

The goal of this paper is to identify the frequency and intensity of the perception of adverse professional consequences and their association with burnout syndrome and occupational variables. [from abstract]

Trends of Cross-Border Mobility of Physicians and Nurses between Portugal and Spain

This paper presents the results of a study of current mobility trends of health professionals along the borders between Portugal and Spain. The objective was to describe the profile of mobile physicians and nurses; to elicit the opinions of employers on mobility factors; to describe incentive policies to retain or attract health professionals; and to collect and analyse employers’ opinions on the impact of this mobility on their health services. [from abstract]

Development and Validation of the Competence in Evidence Based Practice Questionnaire (EBP-COQ) among Nursing Students

Nursing educators need rigorously developed instruments to assess competency in evidence based practice (EBP) at undergraduate level. This study aims to develop a psychometric test of the EBP competence questionnaire among undergraduate nursing students. [adapted from abstract]

Perception of Evidence-Based Practice and the Professional Environment of Primary Health Care Nurses in the Spanish Context: A Cross-Sectional Study

The main aim of this work was to assess the factors that influence an evidence-based clinical practice among nursing professionals in primary health care. [from abstract]

New Approach for Psychological Consultation: The Psychologist at the Chemist's

This article aims to present the service-specific features and pilot study results of a new mental health service, named “Psychologist in the Neighbourhood,” which was created to intercept unexpressed needs for psychological assistance. The service allows everyone to ask for free psychological consultation, consisting of no more than four meetings with a psychologist, in certain chemists’ shops around the city of Milan. [adapted from abstract]

Factors Affecting Collaboration between General Practitioners and Community Pharmacists: A Qualitative Study

Although general practitioners and community pharmacists are encouraged to collaborate, a true collaborative relationship does not exist between them. The objective of this article was to identify and analyze factors affecting this collaboration in two regions of Spain. [adapted from abstract]

Gender and the Professional Career of Primary Care Physicians in Andalusia (Spain)

Although the proportion of women in medicine is growing, female physicians continue to be disadvantaged in professional activities. The purpose of the study was to determine and compare the professional activities of female and male primary care physicians in Andalusia and to assess the effect of the health center on the performance of these activities. [from abstract]

Perceptions and Attitudes of Clinicians in Spain Toward Clinical Practice Guidelines and Grading Systems: a Protocol for a Qualatative Study and a National Survey

Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) have become a very popular tool for decision making in healthcare. While there is some evidence that CPGs improve outcomes, there are numerous factors that influence their acceptability and use by healthcare providers. This study evaluates these issues in a representative sample of clinicians in Spain. [from abstract]

Forecasting the Need for Medical Specialists in Spain: Application of a System Dynamics Model

Spain has gone from a surplus to a shortage of medical doctors in very few years. Medium and long-term planning for health professionals has become a high priority for health authorities. This study used a supply and demand-need simulation model for 43 medical specialties using system dynamics to colculate the supply and the deficit or surplus. [adapted from abstract]

Effectiveness of a Training Programme to Improve Hand Hygiene Compliance in Primary Healthcare

The main objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of a training program on hand hygiene for the reduction of healthcare-associated infections for primary healthcare workers. [adapted from author]

Effectiveness of a Nurse-Led Case Management Home Care Model in Primary Health Care: a Quasi-Experimental, Controlled, Multi-Centre Study

Demand for home care services has increased considerably, along with the growing complexity of cases and variability among resources and providers. Designing services that guarantee co-ordination and integration for providers and levels of care is of paramount importance. The aim of this study is to determine the effectiveness of a new case-management based, home care delivery model which has been implemented in Andalusia (Spain). [from abstract]

Utility of a Thematic Network in Primary Health Care: A Controlled Interventional Study in a Rural Area

UniNet is an Internet-based thematic network for a virtual community of users. It supports a virtual multidisciplinary community for physicians, focused on the improvement of clinical practice. This is a study of the effects of a thematic network such as UniNet on primary care medicine in a rural area, specifically as a platform of communication between specialists at the hospital and doctors in the rural area. [from abstract]