Browse by Resource Type
Good knowledge is essential to prevent disease and improve health. Knowledge management (KM) provides a systematic process and tools to promote access to and use of knowledge among health and development practitioners to improve health and development outcomes. KM tools range from publications and resources (briefs, articles, job aids) and products and services (websites, eLearning courses, mobile applications), to training and events (workshops, webinars, meetings) and approaches and techniques (peer assists, coaching, after-action reviews, knowledge cafés). [from abstract]
Inadequate, inequitable distribution of the medical workforce remains a challenge across the globe, and India is no exception. Odisha, a state in India faces a major shortage of doctors particularly in rural and remote areas. In order to address this challenge, it is essential to understand medical students’ career plans, specialization preferences, choices of job location and sector, and views on working in rural and remote areas.
The Effect of Pre-Service Training on Post-Graduation Skill and Knowledge Retention Among Mid-Level Healthcare Providers in Mozambique
To evaluate the effort, data was collected at graduation and 10 months later from pre-revision (initial) and revised curriculum TMGs to determine the following: (1) Did cohorts trained in the revised curriculum score higher on measurements of clinical knowledge, physical exam procedures, and solving clinical case scenarios than those trained in the initial curriculum; (2) Did TMGs in both curricula retain their knowledge over time (from baseline to follow-up); and (3) Did skills and knowledge retention differ over time by curricula? Post-graduation and over time results are presented.
Antenatal Care Strengthening for Improved Quality of Care in Jimma, Ethiopia: An Effectiveness Study
The aims of this study were to design a participatory antenatal care (ANC) strengthening intervention and assess the implementation process and effectiveness on quality of ANC in Jimma, Ethiopia. [from abstract]
This review of the literature offers a commentary and appraisal of the current MNCH [maternal, newborn and child health] situation in South Sudan. It explores the barriers and challenges of promoting MNCH gains, and identifies priorities that will contribute to addressing the Millennium Development Goals and the emerging health priorities for the post-2015 development agenda. [from abstract]
Despite progress in developing more effective training methodologies, training initiatives for health workers continue to experience common pitfalls that have beset the overall success. To improve the quality of healthcare service, the shortage of healthcare workers must be addressed by giving quality training and education needed to fill the gap to increase the output of qualified healthcare workers. [from abstract]
Learning from the Innovative Open Practices of Three International Health Projects: IACAPAP, VCPH and Physiopedia
This paper evaluates the open educational practices (OEP) of three global health projects operating outside academia—the International Association for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Allied Professions (IACAPAP), the Virtual Campus of
Public Health (VCPH), and Physiopedia. [from abstract]
Regional Strategy on Strengthening Health Workforce Education and Training in South - East Asia Region (2014 – 2019)
The Regional strategy on strengthening health workforce education and training in the South-East Asia Region specifically identifying priority activities to be initiated by WHO and Member countries, will guide and facilitate country initiatives on strengthening health workforce. WHO is totally committed to play the lead role in catalysing the implementation of this regional strategy. [from abstract]
Incentives for non-physician health professionals to work in the rural and remote areas of Mozambique—a discrete choice experiment for eliciting job preferences
Successfully motivating and retaining health workers is critical for the effective performance of health systems. In Mozambique, a shortage of health care professionals and low levels of staff motivation in rural and remote areas pose challenges to the provision of equitable health care delivery.
Designing Participatory Meetings and Brownbags: A TOPS Quick Guide to Linking Development Practitioners
This resource contains ideas on designing meetings and brownbags that are engaging and build inopportunities for participant dialogue. [from resource]
The intention of this guide is to give project design teams, project M&E staff and project managers the tools and guidelines they need to effectively plan for and manage highly-effective systems for monitoring and evaluating value chain projects. In doing so, the guide aims to enable CARE to improve the performance of value chain interventions and improve CARE‘s ability to test the Market Engagement Theory of Change.
Aligning strategies and priorities between external (client programs) and internal (organizational) KM is challenging. Save the Children’s Department of Global Health has recently completed the design of several different KM strategies at the organizational, project, and country office levels. During this session, we’ll talk about the processes and resources used to develop those strategies and the many lessons learned. We’ll also discuss the general outlines of the strategies, which you can consider when designing strategies for your own project or organization.
Potential Impact of Devolution on Motivation and Job Satisfaction of Healthcare Workers in Kenya: Lessons from Early Implementation in Kenya and Experiences of other Sub-Saharan African Countries
Kenya’s healthcare devolution was introduced to enhance the quality of care, user satisfaction, equity, and efficiency in service delivery. However, it has since been facing plethora of challenges mostly because healthcare workers (HCWs), who play a significant role in achieving health objectives, were neglected during implementation. This dissertation tries to identify the potential impact of devolution on motivation and satisfaction of HCWs in a politicised Kenyan context. [from abstract]
Need For Competency Based Healthcare Management Education In India: Concerns, Challenges And Way Ahead
The paper explores the possibility of conceptualization and introduction of standardized competency based healthcare management education in India. The impression about competency based education in field of healthcare is limited to medical and nursing education. Concentrated efforts are required to develop the same concept in the field of healthcare management as well. [from abstract]
An editorial and bibliography of important citations dealing with health and human resources for health issues in Ethiopia.
The Health Financing sustainability policy is based on the overall health sector policy which is also in compliance with the Vision 2020 of the Government of Rwanda. The health sector has been characterized by successful innovations in health financing such as the Community Based Health Insurance Schemes (CBHIS), the Performance Based Financing (PFP) approach for both health facilities and the Comm unity Health Workers (CHW) cooperatives whose positive impact has been documented. [from forward]
Rwanda’s Health Sector Policy translates the Government’s overall vision of development in the health sector, as set out in Vision 2020 and the Economic Development and Poverty Reduction Strategy (EDPRS II 2013-2018). Since the adoption of the previous Health Sector Policy in 2005, much has changed in terms of national socio-economic development and more specifically in the health sector.
Unpaid health and child care provided in the household, along with other activities that contribute to the physical, cognitive, and emotional development of members of a household, have a major impact on individual and public well-being, as well as on the human development potential of the countries. These economic activities, performed largely by women, take place outside the market and are therefore invisible in the economic statistics and national accounts systems of most countries. [from abstract]
Male and female condoms are the only contraceptive methods that provide dual protection against both unwanted pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including HIV. Through state-of-the-art scientific evidence, programmatic guidance, and implementation tools, the Condom Use Toolkit assists health policy makers, program managers, service providers, and others in planning, managing, evaluating, and supporting the provision of condoms. Many items in the Condom Use Toolkit can be adapted for use in specific country contexts and unique program circumstances. [from introduction]
Blindness and visual impairment continues to be a major public health problem in India. Availability and easy access to primary eye care services is essential for elimination of avoidable blindness. In the current situation, an integrated health care system with primary eye care promoted by government of India is apparently the best answer. This model is both cost effective and practical for the prevention and control of blindness among the underprivileged population. [from abstract]
Supporting Close-to-Community Providers Through a Community Health System Approach: Case Examples from Ethiopia and Tanzania
Close-to-community (CTC) providers, including community health workers or volunteers or health extension workers, can be effective in promoting access to and utilization of health services. Tasks are often shifted to these providers with limited resources and support from CTC programmes or communities. Two cases are presented. [from abstract]
Primary Health Care Expectations and Reality in Bangladesh: A Sociological Analysis of the Selected Two Rural Areas
This research deals with the expectations and reality of primary health care in Bangladesh and focuses on different
Government and NGOs health care situation in rural areas. [from abstract]
External evaluation of the Amref Health Africa Project on Sexual Reproductive Health Rights for the Young People (Tuitetee – Lets Fight For It), 2010- 2015
This end-of-project evaluation of the Swedish support to the Amref Health Africa Project on Sexual Reproductive Health Rights for the Young People (Tuitetee–LetsFight For It), 2010-2015 was commissioned by the Embassy of Sweden in Tanzania, through Sida’s framework agreement for reviews and evaluations. [from preface]
In the health sector, planning and resource allocation at country level are mainly guided by national plans. For each such plan, a midterm review of progress is important for policy-makers since the review can inform the second half of the plan’s implementation and provide a situation analysis on which the subsequent plan can be based. [from abstract]
Women Doctors and their Careers in a Large University Hospital in Spain at the Beginning of the 21st Century
The aim of this article was to compare the advance of women with that of men and determine the differences between hierarchical status and professional recognition achieved by women in medicine. Methods A retrospective study was carried out in the Hospital Clinic Barcelona, Spain, of the period from 1996 to 2008. [from abstract]
Research on “human resources for health” (HRH) typically focuses on the public health subsector, despite the World Health Organization’s inclusive definition to the contrary. This qualitative research examines the profile of HRH in six conflict-affected contexts where the public health subsector does not dominate healthcare service provision and HRH is a less coherent and cohesive entity: Afghanistan, the Central African Republic (CAR), the Democratic Republic of Congo (DR Congo), Haiti, the Occupied Palestinian Territories and Somalia. [from abstract]
This report includes the first two of these case studies for Imperial Health Sciences and Central Medical Supplies Public Corporation
(Sudan). PtD intends to continue developing case studies to offer the broader community examples of human capital management that they can adopt to improve supply chain execution. [from introduction]
Can Smartphones and Tablets Improve the Management of Childhood Illness in Tanzania? A Qualitative Study from a Primary Health Care Worker's Perspective
The impact of the Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) strategy has been less than anticipated because of poor uptake. Electronic algorithms have the potential to improve quality of health care in children. However, feasibility studies about the use of electronic protocols on mobile devices over time are limited. This study investigated constraining as well as facilitating factors that influence the uptake of a new electronic Algorithm for
Management of Childhood Illness (ALMANACH) among primary health workers in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. [from abstract]
Preparing for the Data Revolution: Identifying Minimum Health Information Competencies Among the Health Workforce
Health information is required for a variety of purposes at all levels of a health system, and a workforce skilled in collecting, analysing, presenting, and disseminating such information is essential to fulfil these demands. While it is established that low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are facing shortages in human resources for health (HRH), there has been little systematic attention focused on non-clinical competencies. In response, we developed a framework that defines the minimum health information competencies required by health workers at various levels of a health system.
Several instruments at both the global and regional levels to which countries in the WHO African Region are party call for action by governments to strengthen national health research systems (NHRS). This paper debates the extent to which Malawi has fulfilled this commitment. [from abstract]